Rev Med UAS; Vol. 10: No. 4. Octubre-Diciembre 2020
ISSN 2007-8013


Impacto de la pandemia de COVID-19 en la utilización de los servicios de un hospital pediá-trico de segundo nivel

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the use of second-level pediatric hospital services

Giordano Pérez-Gaxiola1*, Edgardo Tostado-Morales2, Daniela Arce-Cabrera3, Jorge Antonio Cruz-Sainz4, Eduardo Llausás-Magaña5, Nidia M. León-Sicairos6

  1. Depto. de Medicina Basada en la Evidencia. Hospital Pediátrico de Sinaloa. Culiacán, México.
  2. Depto. de Urgencias. Hospital Pediátrico de Sinaloa. Culiacán, México.
  3. Depto. de Oncología. Hospital Pediátrico de Sinaloa. Culiacán, México.
  4. Depto. de Informática. Hospital Pediátrico de Sinaloa. Culiacán, México.
  5. Depto. de Infectología. Hospital Pediátrico de Sinaloa. Culiacán, México.
  6. Depto. de Investigación.

*Autor de correspondencia:Giordano Pérez Gaxiola, giordano@pediatrica.org
Hospital Pediátrico de Sinaloa. Blvd. Constitución y Donato Guerra SN. Culiacán, Sin. CP 80200.
Tel: (667) 7139004 ext. 293.

DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.28960/revmeduas.2007-8013.v10.n4.003

Recibido 24 de Septiembre 2020, aceptado 15 de Octubre 2020


RESUMEN
Objetivo: Comparar el uso de los servicios del Hospital Pediátrico de Sinaloa durante el 2020 en comparación a años previos. --- Métodos: El uso de servicios hospitalarios, tanto esenciales como los que fueron diferidos por la contingencia, durante los tres primeros meses de la pandemia en el 2020 fueron comparados con los cuatro años previos. Se extrajo la información de archivo electrónico. Se usó el test de Kolmogorov-Smirnoff para analizar la normalidad de los datos. La comparación con años previos se hizo usando el test de ANOVA, y los datos no paramétricos se analizaron usando el test de Krustal-Wallis. --- Resultados: El uso de los servicios disminuyó en el 2020. Se observó una reducción estadísticamente significativa en ingresos hospitalarios, cirugías, consultas en Urgencias y quimioterapias. --- Conclusiones: La pandemia de covid-19 afectó el uso de servicios hospitalarios considerados esenciales y que no fueron suspendidos durante la contingencia sanitaria.
Palabras clave: COVID-19; infecciones por coronavirus; servicio de Urgencia en hospital

ABSTRACT
Methods: The use of hospital services, both essential and those suspended due to the contingency, during the first three months of the pandemic in 2020 were compared with the previous four years. Data was extracted from electronic archives. A Kolmogorov-Smirnoff test was used to analyze the normality of data. The comparison with previous years was done using the ANOVA test, and nonparametric data was analyzed using the Krustal-Wallis test. --- Results: The use of services decreased during 2020. A statistically significant reduction was observed in hospital admissions, surgeries, Emergency consultations and chemotherapies. --- Conclusions: The covid-19 pandemic affected the use of essential hospital services that were not suspended during the sanitary contingency.
Key words: COVID-19; coronavirus infections; Emergency Service.


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